SLM Corp was formed in 1972. It is a holding company that operates through a number of subsidiaries. The Company was formed as the Student Loan Marketing Association, a federally chartered government-sponsored enterprise, with the services of furthering access to higher education by providing a secondary market for student loans. The Company's main business is to originate, service and collect loans made to students or their parents to finance the cost of their education. It provides funding, delivery and servicing support for education loans in the United States through its participation in the Federal Family Education Loan Program, as a servicer of loans for the Department of Education and through its non-federally guaranteed Private Education Loan programs. The Company has three main operating business segments - Consumer Lending, Business Services and FFELP Loans. A fourth segment - Other, mainly consists of the financial results of its holding company, including activities related to the repurchase of debt, the corporate liquidity portfolio and all overhead, as well as the results from smaller wind-down and discontinued operations within this segment. In the Consumer Lending Segment, it originates, acquires, finances and services Private Education Loans. The Business Services segment generates the majority of its revenue from servicing its FFELP Loan portfolio and from performing servicing, default aversion and contingency collections work on behalf of Guarantors of FFELP Loans and other institutions. The FFELP Loans segment consists of its FFELP Loan portfolio and the underlying debt and capital funding the loans. The Other segment consists of the financial results related to activities of its holding company, including the repurchase of debt, the corporate liquidity portfolio and all overhead. The Dodd-Frank Act was adopted to reform and strengthen regulation and supervision of the U.S. financial services industry. Many aspects of the Company's businesses are subject to regulation by federal and state regulation and administrative oversight.