Qualcomm Inc was incorporated in July, 1985 in California. The Company develops & commercializes digital communication technology called CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access), & owns intellectual property applicable to products that implement any version of CDMA including patents, patent applications & trade secrets. It is also engaged in the development and commercialization of OFDMA (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiple Access) -based technologies for which it owns substantial intellectual property. Its products principally consist of integrated circuits (also known as chips or chipsets) and system software used in mobile devices and in wireless networks. The Company also sells other products and services, which include: integrated circuits for use in wired devices, particularly broadband gateway equipment, desktop computers, televisions, set-top boxes and Blu-ray players; content enablement services to wireless operators; development, other services and related wireless communications products used by the United States government; location awareness and commerce services; and software and hardware development services. The Company conducts business primarily through four reportable segments: QCT, QTL, QWI and QSI. QCT (Qualcomm CDMA Technologies), QIS (Qualcomm Internet Services) Division that provides software products and content enablement services to wireless operators to support and accelerate the growth and advancement of wireless data products and services, QGOV (Qualcomm Government Technologies) Division that provides development and other services and related products involving wireless communications technologies to U.S. government agencies and their contractors. QRS (Qualcomm Retail Solutions) Division includes its retail services business, builds and manages software applications that enable certain mobile location-awareness and commerce services. QSI (Qualcomm Strategic Initiatives) Segment makes strategic investments that may open new or expand opportunities for its technologies, support the design and introduction of new products and services for voice and data communications capabilities or technology. Non-reportable segments are comprised of its QMT (Qualcomm MEMS Technologies) division and other display, wireless technology and services initiatives that include, but are not limited to: low power consumption, high optical performance flat display modules; medical device connectivity and related data management; augmented reality; and device-to-device communications and supplier of integrated circuits and system software based on CDMA, OFDMA and other technologies for use in voice and data communications, networking, application processing, and multimedia QCTs integrated circuit products and system software are sold to and/or licensed to manufacturers that use its products in wireless devices, particularly mobile phones, tablets, laptops, data modules, handheld wireless computers and gaming devices, access points and routers, data cards and infrastructure equipment, and in wired devices, particularly broadband gateway equipment, desktop computers, televisions, set-top boxes and Blu-ray players. QTL (Qualcomm Technology Licensing) Segment grants licenses or otherwise provides rights to use portions of its intellectual property portfolio.