Nidec Corp was incorporated on July 23, 1973. The Company manufactures electric motors and related components and equipment. The Company's segments include Nidec Corporation, Nidec Sankyo, Nidec Copal, Nidec Tosok, Nidec Copal Electronics, Nidec Techno Motor, Nidec Motor and Nidec Motors & Actuators. In the Nidec Corporation segment, Nidec Central Technical Laboratory conducts basic and applied research generally covering small precision motors, research and development for new products, and research to provide technical support to other research bases. This laboratory also engages in research and development activities aimed at mass production of new models of HDD motors and product quality improvement. The Nidec Sankyo segment develops stepping motors, motor drive units, card readers and industrial robots as part of its line-up of "karakuri-tronics" products integrating its "karakuri," or internal device mechanism technologies, with the motor technologies and servo technologies developed through its business diversification. In the Nidec Copal segment, Nidec Copal Corporation's technology development department, the Tokyo Technical Center and the Koriyama Technical Center develops basic technologies and products relating to optical electronic components and system units. With respect to shutters for digital cameras, Nidec Copal develops and manufactures products mainly used for single lens reflex and mirror-less cameras. In the Nidec Tosok segment, Nidec Tosok Corporation has been carrying out research and development activities relating to automobile parts at its Head Office-Technical Center. The Nidec Copal Electronics segment, with respect to electronic and mechanical components (electronic circuit components), sensors and actuators, Nidec Copal Electronics Corporation's Development Center is responsible for the creation of new businesses based on basic technology and future technology. The Nidec Techno Motor segment develops air conditioner motors and industrial motors in Fukui Prefecture and Fukuoka Prefecture, in Japan, China (Pinghu) and Thailand. The Nidec Motor segment mainly conducts research and development of motors, gears and control units for residential, commercial, home appliance and industrial uses, drive systems, encoders, and elevator components. With respect to motors for commercial and residential uses, Nidec Motor develops motors, gears and control units for air conditioning equipment, commercial refrigeration equipment, golf carts, floor care equipment and commercial cooking equipment. The Company's business activities are subject to various governmental regulations in the jurisdictions in which it operates, including those relating to customs, import and export control, foreign exchange controls, competition or antitrust, intellectual property, protection of the environment, product safety, and labor.