Morgan Stanley was originally incorporated under the laws of the State of Delaware in 1981. The Company through its subsidiaries and affiliates, provides financial products and services to a diversified group of clients and customers, including corporations, governments, financial institutions and individuals. It has three business segments: Institutional Securities, Wealth Management Group and Asset Management. The Institutional Securities segment offers financial advisory services on mergers and acquisitions, divestitures, joint ventures, corporate restructurings, recapitalizations, spin-offs, exchange offers, leveraged buyouts, takeover defenses, and shareholder relations, as well as provides capital raising and corporate lending services. This segment also engages in sales, trading, financing, and market-making activities, including equity trading, fixed income and commodities, research, and investment activities, as well as provides financing services, such as prime brokerage, consolidated clearance, settlement, custody, financing, and portfolio reporting services. Its Wealth Management Group segment offers brokerage and investment advisory services covering various types of investments comprising equities, options, futures, foreign currencies, precious metals, fixed income securities, mutual funds, structured products, alternative investments, unit investment trusts, managed futures, separately managed accounts, and mutual fund asset allocation programs. This segment also provides education savings programs, financial and wealth planning services, annuity and other insurance products, cash management services, trust and fiduciary services, retirement solutions, and credit and other lending products, as well as engages in fixed income principal trading. The Company's Asset Management business segment, consisting of Merchant Banking, Traditional Asset Management and Real Estate Investing activities, is one of the investment management organizations of full-service financial services firm and offers clients an array of equity, fixed income and alternative investments and merchant banking strategies. The Company competes with commercial banks, brokerage firms, insurance companies, electronic trading and clearing platforms, financial data repositories, sponsor of mutual funds, hedge funds, energy companies and other companies offering financial or ancillary services in the U.S., globally and through the internet. As a financial services firm, the Company is subject to extensive regulation by U.S. federal and state regulatory agencies and securities exchanges and by regulators and exchanges in each of the markets where it conducts its business.
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