Inovio Pharmaceuticals Inc was originally incorporated on June 29, 1983, under the laws of California as Biotechnologies & Experimental Research, Inc. The entity changed its corporate name to BTX, Inc. on December 10, 1991, and Genetronics, Inc. on February 8, 1994. On April 14, 1994, the board of directors approved a share exchange agreement with Consolidated United Safety Technologies Inc. On September 2, 1997, it listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange as Genetronics Biomedical Ltd, under the laws of British Columbia, Canada, which wholly owned Genetronics, Inc. On June 15, 2001, it completed a change in jurisdiction of incorporation from British Columbia, Canada, to the state of Delaware and became Genetronics Biomedical Corporation, a Delaware corporation. On January 17, 2003, Genetronics voluntarily de-listed from the Toronto Stock Exchange. On March 31, 2005, its corporate name changed from Genetronics Biomedical Corporation to Inovio Biomedical Corporation. On June 1, 2009, it completed the acquisition of VGX Pharmaceuticals, Inc. ('VGX'), a privately-held company, pursuant to the terms of an Amended and Restated Agreement and Plan of Merger dated December 5, 2008, as further amended on March 31, 2009 by and among Inovio, Inovio's wholly-owned subsidiary Inovio Acquisition, LLC and VGX (the 'Merger'). Upon the closing of the Merger, Inovio Acquisition, LLC assumed all of VGX's business, properties and assets and assumed its obligations, changed its name to VGX Pharmaceuticals, LLC, and remains a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, utilizing a single, integrated management team with Inovio. On May 14, 2010, the entity changed its corporate name to Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Inc. The Company is engaged in the development of a new generation of vaccines and immune therapies, called synthetic vaccines, focused on cancers and infectious diseases. Its DNA-based SynCon technology is designed to provide universal protection against known as well as new unmatched strains of pathogens such as influenza. These synthetic vaccines, in combination with its proprietary electroporation delivery, have been shown in humans to generate best-in-class immune responses with a favorable safety profile. Its preclinical development and clinical programs include cervical dysplasia/cancer (therapeutic), influenza (preventive), prostate cancer (therapeutic), leukemia (therapeutic), hepatitis C virus, hepatitis B virus, HIV, and malaria vaccines. The Company faces competition from several development-stage and established enterprises, including pharmaceutical and biotechnology firms, which are actively engaged in infectious disease and cancer vaccine research and development. Any pharmaceutical products that the Company develops will require regulatory clearances prior to clinical trials and additional regulatory approvals prior to commercialization. The Company's clinical programs include cervical dysplasia (therapeutic), avian influenza (preventive), prostate cancer (therapeutic), leukemia (therapeutic), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV vaccines.