Cisco Systems Inc was incorporated in California on December 10, 1984. The Company is engaged in designing, manufacturing and selling of Internet Protocol (IP) based networking products and services related to the communications and information technology (IT) industry and provide services associated with these products and their use. It provides products for transporting data, voice, and video within buildings, across campuses, and around the world. Its products are designed to transform how people connect, communicate, and collaborate. The products are utilized at enterprise businesses, public institutions, telecommunications companies and other service providers, commercial businesses, and personal residences. The Company's business is organized into the following three geographic segments: The Americas; Europe, Middle East, and Africa (EMEA); and Asia Pacific, Japan, and China (APJC). The Company's products and technologies are grouped into categories including: Switching; Next-Generation Network (NGN) Routing; Service Provider Video; Collaboration; Data Center; Wireless; Security; and Other Products. The product Switching is a networking technology used in campuses, branch offices, and data centers; and is used within buildings in local-area networks (LANs) and across great distances in wide-area networks (WANs). It offers forms of connectivity to end users, workstations, IP phones, wireless access points, and servers and also functions as aggregators on LANs and WANs. The NGN Routing technology is fundamental to the foundation of the Internet; it interconnects public and private wireline and mobile networks for mobile, data, voice, and video applications. Its portfolio of hardware and software solutions consists of physical and virtual routers and routing systems. The Service Provider Video is an end-to-end; digital video distribution systems and digital interactive set-top boxes enable service providers and content originators to deliver entertainment, information, and communication services to consumers and businesses around the world. The Collaboration portfolio integrates voice, video, data, and mobile applications on fixed and mobile networks across a wide range of devices and related IT equipment referred as endpoints used to access networks including mobile phones, tablets, desktop and laptop computers, and desktop virtualization clients. The Data Center products include Cisco Unified Computing System (UCS) enabling computing, networking, storage, management, and virtualization into a single fabric-based platform designed to simplify operations and provide business agility through rapid deployment and scaling of application infrastructure. The Wireless include access via wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi) used by organizations to provide indoor and outdoor coverage with roaming for voice, video, and data applications. The Security offers identity, network, and content security solutions designed to enable customers to reduce the impact of threats and realize the benefits of a mobile, collaborative, and cloud-enabled business. The Other Products category consists of certain emerging technologies and other networking products. The Company's competitors include Alcatel-Lucent; Amazon Web Services LLC; Arista Networks, Inc.; ARRIS Group, Inc.; Aruba Networks, Inc.; Avaya Inc.; Brocade Communications Systems, Inc.; Check Point Software Technologies Ltd.; Citrix Systems, Inc.; Dell Inc.; LM Ericsson Telephone Company; Extreme Networks, Inc.; F5 Networks, Inc.; FireEye, Inc.; Fortinet, Inc.; Hewlett-Packard Company; Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.; International Business Machines Corporation; Juniper Networks, Inc.; Microsoft Corporation; Motorola Solutions, Inc.; Palo Alto Networks, Inc.; Polycom, Inc.; Riverbed Technology, Inc.; Ruckus Wireless, Inc.; Symantec Corporation; and VMware, Inc.