Allegheny Technologies Inc is a Delaware corporation founded in 1901. The Company along with its subsidiaries is a specialty metals producer. Its products include titanium and titanium alloys, nickel-based alloys and superalloys, zirconium, hafnium and niobium, powder alloys, stainless and specialty steel alloys, grain-oriented electrical steel, tungsten-based materials and cutting tools, carbon alloy impression die forgings, and grey and ductile iron castings. Its specialty metals are produced in a range of alloys and product forms and are selected for use in applications that demand metals having exceptional hardness, toughness, strength, resistance to heat, corrosion or abrasion, or a combination of these characteristics. The Company's business segments are High Performance Metals and Flat-Rolled Products. High Performance Materials & Components segment produces, converts and distributes high performance materials, including titanium and titanium-based alloys, nickel- and cobalt-based alloys and superalloys, zirconium and related alloys including hafnium and niobium, powder alloys and other specialty materials, in long product forms such as ingot, billet, bar, rod, wire, shapes and rectangles, and seamless tubes, plus precision forgings and castings, components and machined parts. These products are designed for the high performance requirements of aerospace and defense (engines and airframes), oil & gas/chemical & hydrocarbon processing industry, electrical energy, and medical. The products in this segment are sold directly to end-use customers, and portion of its High Performance Materials & Components segment products are sold under multi-year agreements. The Flat Rolled Products segment produces, converts and distributes stainless steel, nickel-based alloys, specialty alloys, and titanium and titanium-based alloys, in a variety of product forms including plate, sheet, engineered strip, and Precision Rolled Strip products, as well as grain-oriented electrical steel. The end markets for the its flat-rolled products are oil & gas/ chemical & hydrocarbon processing industry, electrical energy, automotive, food processing equipment and appliances, construction and mining, electronics, communication equipment and computers, and aerospace and defense. The operations in this segment are ATI Flat Rolled Products and the Chinese joint venture company known as Shanghai STAL Precision Stainless Steel Company Limited (STAL). The raw materials it uses in the production of its specialty metals are scrap including iron-, nickel-, chromium-, titanium-, and molybdenum-bearing scrap, nickel, titanium sponge, zirconium sand and sponge, ferrochromium, ferrosilicon, molybdenum and molybdenum alloys, manganese and manganese alloys, cobalt, niobium, vanadium and other alloying materials. The Company faces competition from both domestic and foreign companies. The Company is subject to various domestic and international environmental laws and regulations that govern the discharge of pollutants, and disposal of wastes.