Advantest Corporation was incorporated in December 1954 under the name Takeda Riken Industry Co., Ltd. The Company and its consolidated subsidiaries manufacture and sell semiconductor and component test system products and mechatronics-related products such as test handlers and device interfaces. It also engages in research and development activities and provides maintenance and support services associated with these products. The Company conducts its business in three segments: Semiconductor and Component Test System Segment, Mechatronics System Segment, and Services, Support and Others Segment. The semiconductor and component test system segment provides customers with test system products for the semiconductor industry and the electronic parts industry. Product lines provided in the semiconductor and component test system segment include test systems for memory semiconductors for memory semiconductor devices and test systems for SoC (System-on-a-Chip) semiconductors for non memory semiconductor devices. The mechatronics system segment provides product lines such as test handlers, mechatronic-applied products for handling semiconductor devices, device interfaces that serve as interfaces with the devices that are measured and operations related to nano-technology products. The services, support and others segment consists of comprehensive customer solutions provided in connection with the above segments, support services, equipment lease business and others. The Company's factories at which semiconductors and component test systems and mechatronics systems are manufactured are its Gunma Factory and Gunma Factory 2 located in Gunma Prefecture, Japan. Printed circuit boards, on which electronic parts and other components are mounted, for use in these products are manufactured at the Gunma Factory 2. The Gunma Factory assembles the final products and conducts tests. The Company's semiconductor and component test systems and mechatronics systems are shipped and delivered to semiconductor manufacturers, as well as some foundries and test houses. It faces substantial competition throughout the world in all of its business segments. The Company uses chemicals in the manufacturing of its products, the manufacture, processing and distribution of which are subject to environmental related laws, regulations and rules of Japanese governmental agencies, as well as by various industry organizations and other regulatory bodies in other countries.