Alcatel-Lucent was incorporated on June 18, 1898. The Company is engaged in designing, manufacturing, operations and sales of equipment, material and software related to domestic, industrial, civil, military or other applications concerning electricity, telecommunications, computers, electronics, aerospace industry, nuclear energy, metallurgy, and, in general, of all the means of production or transmission of energy or communication. The Company's core Networking segment includes three business divisions: IP Routing, IP Transport and IP Platforms. The IP ROUTING focus is on the intelligent IP router market and emerging Software Defined Networking (SDN) markets and related professional services. In IP TRANSPORT segment company designs, manufactures and markets optical networking equipment to transport information over fiber optic connections over long distances on land or under sea, as well as for short distances in metropolitan and regional areas. The portfolio also includes related professional services and microwave wireless transmission equipment. In IP PLATFORMS , the Company offers software and services to service providers that allow them to meet the market evolution needs of mobile and fixed networks. The Company's access segment includes four business divisions: WIRELESS are committed to a wireless access portfolio that is suited to the operators that are moving to 4G/LTE quickly and decisively. FIXED ACCESS IP-based fixed access products and related professional services provides support for both DSL and fiber, allowing service providers to extend Ultra-Broadband access to the customer's premise regardless of technology and to seamlessly combine copper and fiber access technologies and FTTx deployment models to achieve the fastest return-on-investment and time-to-market. In LICENSING the Intellectual Property Business Group works to monetize the patent portfolio through licensing and patent sales while also maintaining and prosecuting patents. The managed services portfolio includes Build-Operate-Manage-Transfer (BOMT) Solutions, Operations Transformation Solutions, and Network Operations Services. These services can be delivered across a wide array of network technologies including Network Access (FTTx), Next generation wireless (LTE, Small Cells, 4G), and IP Networks. The Company's Other segment includes Enterprise and Government businesses to provide end-to-end products, solutions and services for small, medium, large and extra-large companies to improve conversations and collaboration across employees, customers and partners. The Company sells all of its products and services to the world's telecommunications service providers through its direct sales force. The Company's competitors includes Avaya, Cisco Systems, Ericsson, Fujitsu, Huawei, Nokia Solutions and Networks (NSN), Samsung, Adtran, Calix, Ciena, Juniper, Ericsson and Huawei.