Market Overview

Producer sentiment moderates, continues to favor livestock


WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. and CHICAGO, Oct. 4, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Farmer sentiment toward the agricultural economy improved slightly in September as fall harvest kicked off, according to the latest reading of the Purdue/CME Group Ag Economy Barometer.

Infographic: Farmer sentiment toward the health of the U.S. agricultural economy as measured by the first six months of the Purdue University/CME Group Ag Economy Barometer.

The barometer read 101 for the month of September, up just six points from the August reading of 95. The current reading is well below the barometer's peak of 112 in July.

Survey respondents remained more optimistic about the future conditions in the livestock sector than crops, but most said they don't actually expect widespread good times in either sector, said Jim Mintert, the barometer's principal investigator and director of Purdue's Center for Commercial Agriculture.

"Interestingly, the gap between expectations for good times in crops versus livestock has narrowed quite a bit since late 2015," he said. "For example, in fall 2015, the percentage of respondents expecting good times in livestock over the next five years exceeded the same reading for crops by 11 percent. In the period between July and September 2016, the average gap was just 7 percent, suggesting that expectations of strong profits in livestock production have diminished."

Another key takeaway from the September survey is that farmers plan to store more of their crops at harvest than is typical - something Mintert said is likely attributable to farmers' reluctance to sell their crops at prices that are sharply lower than earlier this summer.

Producers surveyed indicated that they have been less aggressive than usual in pricing the 2016 crop. More than 40 percent said that they have priced a smaller portion of this year's crop than they would in a typical year.

"These results suggest not only that demand for storage this fall will be very strong but also that producers expect positive storage returns for their fall 2016 crops," Mintert said.

The barometer's Index of Current Conditions and Index of Future Expectations offered a more detailed view of what is driving farmer sentiment. While both indices increased in September, the difference between the two tells more of the story, Mintert said.

The Index of Future Expectations came in at 109 in September, nine points higher than the base-period value of 100, and is the second-highest reading observed since the start of 2016. The Index of Current Conditions, however, read 83 in September, and was the fourth-lowest value since data collection started in fall 2015.

"What this tells us is that agricultural producers are pessimistic about the current conditions in agriculture, but they continue to express some optimism about future long-term economic prospects," Mintert said.

The Ag Economy Barometer is based on monthly surveys of 400 U.S. agricultural producers. Read the full September report, find additional resources and sign up to receive monthly barometer email updates at

About the Purdue University Center for Commercial Agriculture

The Center for Commercial Agriculture was founded in 2011 to provide professional development and educational programs for farmers. Housed within Purdue University's Department of Agricultural Economics, the center's faculty and staff develop and execute research and educational programs that address the different needs of managing in today's business environment.

About CME Group

As the world's leading and most diverse derivatives marketplace, CME Group ( is where the world comes to manage risk.  CME Group exchanges offer the widest range of global benchmark products across all major asset classes, including futures and options based on interest rates, equity indexes, foreign exchange, energy, agricultural products and metals.  Around the world, CME Group brings buyers and sellers together through its CME Globex® electronic trading platform and its exchanges based in Chicago, New York and London.  CME Group also operates one of the world's leading central counterparty clearing providers through CME Clearing and CME Clearing Europe, which offer clearing and settlement services across asset classes for exchange-traded and over-the-counter derivatives.  CME Group's products and services ensure that businesses around the world can effectively manage risk and achieve growth.

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